The cast and crew of eTechTV would like to wish our viewers a Happy Independence Day on this 4th of July!
In honor of this very special holiday, eTechTV is featuring several shows that were produced on location at the historic Fraunces Tavern in lower Manhattan in New York City. One of the segments produced featured Jessica Baldwin Phillips, The Executive Director of Fraunces Tavern Museum.
Here are some interesting facts about some of the historic activity going on in lower Manhattan and also at Fraunces Tavern;
- Fraunces Tavern has a rich history going back to as early as 1719, years before the height of the American Revolution.
- In 1765 The British Parliament had passed the Tea Act of 1765 and subsequently the patriots forced a British naval captain who tried to bring tea to New York to give a public apology at Fraunces Tavern. While operating undercover disguised as American Indians, the patriots dumped the ship's tea cargo into New York Harbor, very much like what occurred during The Boston Tea Party.
- In 1768, the New York Chamber of Commerce was founded by a meeting at Fraunces Tavern.
- In 1773 the New York chapter of the secret society, the Sons of Liberty was formed. Fraunces Tavern served as one of the meeting places with members such as Samuel Adams, Benedict Arnold, John Hancock, Patrick Henry, John Lamb,and Paul Revere.
- In August of 1775, John Lamb and his artillery company, The Heart of Oak of which Alexander Hamilton was a member, attempted to steal a dozen cannons from the Battery and exchanged fire with the HMS Asia. The battleship bombarded the city from midnight until 3 in the morning. One of the 18-pound cannon balls from the Asia crashed through the roof of Fraunces Tavern
- In 1776 during the revolutionary war, Samual Fraunces was taken as a prisoner of war and was forced to cook for British Generals. He would serve as a spy leaking information to George Washington and his troops.
- In January of 1785 after the war was won, New York City became the seat of the Confederation Congress, the nation's central government under the "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. Fraunces Tavern housed the departments of Foreign Affairs, Finance, and War.
- With the ratification of the United States Constitution in March 1789, the Confederation Congress's departments became federal departments, and New York City became the first official national capital. The inauguration of George Washington as first President of the United States took place in April 1789.
- In July of 1789, Congress moved the national capital to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, while the permanent national capital was under construction in Washington, D.C. The federal departments vacated their offices in the building and moved to Philadelphia in 1790.
Enjoy the video presentation and your 4th of July! As Jessica Baldwin Phillips from Fraunces Tavern Museum said during the video, "If you want to learn how we got to be able to become entrepreneurs and have a long history in technology and have TV shows like this and say what we want, it's really important to learn how many people and what happened, and how hard it was to fight for this right"
Let's not forget why we celebrate this day and if you are ever in New York, make sure you visit and support this very important landmark. You can find out more about the Museum by visiting The Fraunces Tavern Museum Website